How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The pharaohs in Egypt used the substance to make the pyramids stand tall. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
From this site, you find out that oil was first extracted by digging. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. Following the lack of valuable knowledge about oil as read in this site, there many false assumptions about oil fields at the time.
The next advancement in technology came in form of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. Benjamin Silliman a chemist at Yale learned more about processes that could convert the oil into kerosene that could then be used in lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. However there were hard sediments that made drilling difficult hence the need for improved equipment. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
Right now the world still uses the rotary drill for oil extraction. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. One such case is the increased mobility of the rig to extract oil from several oil wells.